Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported. Related Study Guides are: Referencing and bibliographiesAvoiding plagiarismWriting a dissertationWhat is critical reading? What is critical writing?
Tags Writing the literature review of a dissertation is one of the most challenging tasks. Literature review is usually the second section of a dissertation. The literature review section presents an analysis of researches conducted in the past, what the authors and researchers have found related to the topic and how the topic relates in the world today.
However, there are various aspects that you should be aware of while writing a literature review.
How to Do a Literature Search First and foremost, you should decide the sources that you would be using for writing a literature review. There will be a number of sources from which you could choose the relevant studies and literature.
You can either choose websites, news articles and other online resources, or you could find relevant researches and studies published in the past on the same topic.
In addition to this, you could use a combination of the sources i. In addition to choosing the source, you should also decide on the inclusion and exclusion criteria i. For instance, you can choose that researches, studies and other resources from and onwards for your study, and all researches prior to this year will be excluded.
For obtaining accurate results while looking for relevant studies, you can create a criteria based on keywords as well. Identify keywords related to your research topic and list them.
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Researches with the specified keywords can be included and the rest can be excluded. Even though this criteria is extremely specific and tough, but doing so makes your research much better and focused.
Building a Conceptual Framework Secondly, you should build a link to the chosen concepts, theories and your topic. This is known as the conceptual framework.
This framework helps in narrowing down you research and identify core concepts, models and theories that should be a part of your research. Explaining this conceptual framework is essential as your literature review will be based on the aspects mentioned in the framework.
Thus, it is necessary that your literature review consists of all the required concepts and theories that will assist in explaining the topic in a much better manner.
Preparing a Literature Review Layout This layout will serve as a guide as to how to start a literature review.
This will help you in preparing a draft of the literature review and listing the concepts that should be explained. Next, you should look into the theories that are related to your research topic.
These theories should be related to the topic in a manner which will help the readers understand why they were chosen and how they will contribute to your research.
You have gathered all the data and have finalized your sources, you are all ready to start writing the literature review of a dissertation. Your literature review should consist of three main sections; introduction, discussion and conclusion.
A lot of students do not conclude the section in a separate heading which might leave your reader a little confused at the end. Thus, make sure that all these sections are included in your literature review.
Make sure that the pattern is logical and each concept follows the other. Next you will need to write the discussion section.
This is where you make an impact by including concept, theories and models related to your topic. You should always make sure there are different body paragraphs and the discussion section contains different headings.
This will offer easy readability to the readers, and will also help you discuss the theories and other related literature in a logical manner.With small-scale writing projects, the literature review is likely to be done just once; probably before the writing begins.
With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended. To write a successful literature review, you must know the text as well as if you wrote it yourself.
You must understand everything the author is showing you – every little nuance, every piece of sub text and every character’s motivations and growth through the piece.5/5(37). Writing a literature review paper is on a to-do list of each dissertation writing student. It comes as no surprise that many scholars find it burdensome to survey, .
Writing a Literature Review in a dissertation 3 | P a g e example, you may find that certain studies are no longer relevant or that more evidence is . What is a Dissertation Literature Review? The purpose of writing a literature review for your dissertation is to unveil your reader that you’ve acquired a profound knowledge about a particular topic or question in your field, and you have meticulously conducted an extensive research about the dissertation topic/5().
Mar 27, · As a matter of fact, the so-called "literature review" is a common task in the professional workplace but is called a "backgrounder" or "background research" instead of a literature review.