Biography[ edit ] Gould said he was inspired to become a paleontologist by T. Raised in a secular Jewish home, Gould did not formally practice religion and preferred to be called an agnostic. But, basically, Huxley was right when he said that agnosticism is the only honorable position because we really cannot know. Gould continued these demonstrations until the policy was revoked.
Gould graduated from Antioch College in and received a Ph. He joined the faculty of Harvard University inbecoming a full professor there in With Niles Eldredgehe developed in the theory of punctuated equilibriuma revision of Darwinian theory proposing that the creation of new species through evolutionary change occurs not at slow, constant rates over millions of years but rather in rapid bursts over periods as short as thousands of years, which are then followed by long periods of stability during which organisms undergo little further change.
Wilsonwho believed that evolution is essentially progressive, leading from the simple to the complex and from the worse-adapted to the better. Gould also argued that population genetics is useful—indeed, all-important—for understanding relatively small-scale or short-term evolutionary changes but that it is incapable of yielding insight into large-scale or long-term ones, such as the Cambrian explosion.
One must turn to paleontology in its own right to explain those changes, which might well involve extinctions brought about by extraterrestrial forces e.
Apart from his technical research, Gould became widely known as a writer, polemicist, and popularizer of evolutionary theory. In Rocks of Ages: Science and Religion in the Fullness of LifeGould, who was then president of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciencerejected the work of individuals who tried to integrate science and religion.
According to Gould, science and religion were never at war but should remain separate. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:tephen Jay Gould (–) was among the best known and widely read scientists of the 20th century. A paleontologist and educator at Harvard University, Gould made his largest contributions to science as the leading spokes-person for evolutionary theory.
For long-time readers of Natural History, Stephen Jay Gould needs no introduction. His column, “This View of Life,” was a mainstay of the magazine, starting in January with “Size and Shape” and concluding with the th installment, “I Have Landed,” in the December /January issue.
Stephen Jay Gould is professor of Geology at Harvard University, where his field of interest centers on the special evolutionary problems related to species of Bahamian snails – fortunately, that's not what his essay, Nonmoral Nature, is about. Stephen Jay Gould: Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and science writer.
Gould graduated from Antioch College in and received a Ph.D. in paleontology at Columbia University in He joined the faculty of Harvard University in , becoming a full professor there in Photo from: University of Michigan Windows to the Universe Perhaps more than any other contemporary American scientist Stephen Jay Gould has presented the modes, implications, benefits, and shortcomings of science to a literate public.
A Website About Stephen Jay Gould's Essays On Natural History. Home; Contact.