Photo used with permission of Crater of Diamonds State Park.
And here, today, on the side of an extinct Butte County volcano, amid the decaying remains of a Gold Rush Ghost town, lies the only diamond mine in California. It has never yielded up its secrets.
Not only did Cherokee have the distinction of being a real boom town, but it was here the first diamond found in California was discovered. Inwhile cleaning his sluice box at the mouth of the great Cherokee hydraulic wash, Mike Maher discovered a perfect blue diamond.
In William Brandreth found a diamond at Cherokee which cut a stone of one and a third. John Moore found a gem in that weighed six carats. And yet another miner named Slissman picked up a total of twenty diamonds in the Cherokee placers.
The mine in Cherokee was discovered in by prospectors guided there by Indians who had found gold near what is now called Round Mountain. Actually Cherokee was a rich gold mine, but thru the years of gold mining, approximately ice clear diamonds were found.
These gems were of such a quality as to compare with the best stones of Africa and South America. At the Cherokee wash, huge nozzles, called monitors, shot high pressure streams of water against Gold and diamond mines earth, crumbling and washing hundreds of tons of earth an hour through enormous sluice boxes.
This method of mining was perfectly adapted for separating the heavier gold from gravel, but it will never be known how many millions in diamonds were washed away with the gravel tailings.
By the year the population of Cherokee was roughly 7, persons. About this same time, the gravel and mud tailings were fast becoming a real problem. These tailings flowed down to the valley farms covering everything in their wake.
Dams were built to hold these tailings, but when the muddy mass built up to capacity, they gave way and allowed their contents to flow downstream, covering fields, crops, and everything else in the area.
At each flooded area they stopped and asked the owner his losses. By a growing resentment against hydraulic mining appeared. Millions of tons of rock and earth from the huge hydraulic monitors had clogged streams, filled rivers, and covered vast areas of agricultural land.
Inpressure exerted on the California Legislature- caused the anti-hydraulic mining law to be passed, thus ending hydraulic mining. Under the new mining restrictions the owners felt they could not operate with a desired profit, so in organized mining completely ceased in Cherokee.
When the mine shut down, the town of Cherokee died. Miners and their families moved away, stores and saloons closed, and a new ghost town came into being. Soon after organized mining ceased, individual miners and prospectors began to drift in and grub through the rocks and bluffs in search of gold.
Then appeared on the scene a man named Cooney, who claimed to have worked in the South African diamond fields. He expressed confidence that the Oroville area abounded in kimberlite, the blue volcanic clay in which diamonds are found.
His efforts then were directed toward finding men who would assist him in securing land and beginning diamond mining operations. They secured an option on 40 acres of land and incorporated the company under the laws of Arizona for 2, Five blocks of stock were reserved for the five partners and the remainder put up for sale to the citizens of Oroville, Chico, and Marysville.
Advertisements were issued in local papers in order to obtain subscribers for the stock issue. In a very few days a long list of people had signed to invest their money in purchase of the stock.
Three shifts were put to work in the mines at eight hours each, late in November of The stockholders held a meeting to organize and elect officers. Cooney was elected president of the company, Henry Vail, a wealthy Oroville dredger-man, was elected vice-president.
Lorbeer was named general superintendent, and Christie and Moss were placed en the board of directors. Stock values showed a substantial increase and sales went up in proportion, when in Decembera woman, cleaning her Christmas turkey, found a two carat diamond in its craw.
This particular bird had been raised in the vicinity of Oroville.In order to buy Gold and/or Diamond(s) from Goldiam platform a user will need to make request to the platform and make payment in Goldiam coins.
The minimum amount of Gold that can be bought on the Goldiam platform is 1g and for Diamond. We have mines for sale, Gold, diamond and Cooper! South Africa and outside South Africa! The ten largest diamond mines in the world by measurable reserves contain more than one billion carats of recoverable diamonds.
Russia is home to half of the world's biggest diamond mines, while Botswana houses two; including the world's largest diamond producing mine Orapa.
The Dolaucothi Gold Mines (pronounced [ˌdɔlaiˈkɔθɪ]; Welsh: Mwynfeydd Aur Dolaucothi) (grid reference), also known as the Ogofau Gold Mine, are ancient Roman surface and underground mines located in the valley of the River Cothi, near Pumsaint, Carmarthenshire, plombier-nemours.com gold mines are located within the Dolaucothi Estate which is now owned by the National Trust.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from Latin: aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally. In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile plombier-nemours.comally, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 plombier-nemours.com is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under.
Diamond and gold production are now well down from their peaks, though South Africa is still number 5 in gold but South Africa remains a cornucopia of mineral riches.
It is the world's largest producer  of chrome, manganese, platinum, vanadium and vermiculite.