Tiger, panther, sloth bear, hyaena, elephant, blue deer, barking deer, Indian antelope, procupine, pecker barbet, crocodile, python etc. Presently there are 45, of tigers surviving in 18 tiger reserves in 13 States, covering over 28, sq. Various steps have been initiated to protect tigers. A tiger cell has been set up to collect data.
Tiger, panther, sloth bear, hyaena, elephant, blue deer, barking deer, Indian antelope, procupine, pecker barbet, crocodile, python etc. It is one of the world's most successful projects for conservation of tigers. Presently there are 45, of tigers surviving in 18 tiger reserves in 13 States, covering over 28, sq.
Various steps have been initiated to protect tigers. A tiger cell has been set up to collect data. Hunting is strictly prohibited and eco-development programmes have been initiated to increase tiger population. Along with tigers, the flora, fauna or the biodiversity as a whole is able to be conserved.
Hence Project Tiger has set an example for environmental conservation. The 'Project Elephant' is an outcome of the success story of the 'Project Tiger'. The Asian elephant, which has shared a special bond with men since time immemorial, is now facing an uncertain future.
Hence "Project Elephant" has been formulated in by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to protect the elephants in India. It covers in principles the entire elephant population of the country. However, eleven elephant reserves have been identified us priority areas for special attention and financial assistance under this project.
At present, India holds the largest number of Asian elephants with 20, to 24, in wild and nearly 3, in captivity. Fisheries in India are comprised either inland or marine. The rivers and their tributaries, canals, ponds, lakes and reservoirs are the main sources for the inland fisheries.
The rivers extend over about 17, miles and to these subsidiary water channels comprise 70, miles. Indian fish production has a steady increase from 7. But this production is far from adequate. It is only 9 per cent of the total supply of fish in Asia whereas Japan alone contributes to the extent of 43 per cent and China coming next, to about 18 per cent.
We have the vast fishery resources of 6, km. The numbers of fishermen engaged in direct fishing are 4. So the resources are vast, but we cannot be able to exploit it properly. Hence during the sixth plan, the fisheries programme is given special attention to family based business.
Much emphasis has been given on inland and brackish water fisheries and improving the harvesting from seas by stimulating the growth of country boats, mechanized boats and deep sea trawlers. Fisheries play an important role in the economy of the country. Increase in foreign exchange earning, generating employment, augmenting food supply and raising international value by adding proteins to the food are the important contributions of fisheries.
Hence the Government of India has embarked on various programmes for mechanization and modernization of the fishing industry, considering the imperative task of improving the socio-economic conditions of nearly two million fisher folks.
The emphasis has been shifted from heavy infrastructure and industry to more comprehensive programmes, aimed at providing basic services to the fishing community and achieving better income distribution within these.
Inland fisheries is an important rural economic activity, catering to the domestic market and giving gainful employment for over 1. Projections of domestic demand of fish form But a lot of constraints have been observed during last two' decades that bring stagnation and a steady decline in fisheries.
The degradation of fish habitat, the excessive flow of industrial, urban and agricultural wastes into the river water and the consequent deterioration in quality and overfishing are the important ones.
Hence drastic steps are to be taken to rectify the situation. During the fifth plan, the Govt. There are FFDAs functioning in 17 States, bringing about thousand hectares of water area under intensive fish culture and there is a target of increasing in fish yield from 50 kgs per hectare in 1 to kgs per hectare by the erid of this century.THE BIG QUESTION: WHY PROTECTING WILDLIFE IS NEED OF THE HOUR?
Why it is imperative to protect the wildlife in India? Well, it cannot be debated that India is a storehouse of many animals like the mighty Royal Bengal tigers, majestic Asiatic lions, huge elephants, rare one-horned rhinos and birds.
Wild life conservation helps to protect the natural environment, endangered animals and plants. Conserving wildlife controls over the ecosystem in a balanced way. Ecosystem is a chain of support of all living things and non-living things for existence.
Conserving wildlife economically supports the country. Wild conservation needs reserves and national parks as well.
Wild life provides a stability to different natural processes of nature. The importance of wildlife can be categorized as ecological importance, economic importance, investigatory importance, conservation of biological diversities etc.
The wildlife protection Act, governs wildlife conservation and protection of endangered species. The Act prohibits trade in rare and endangered species.
India is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade of Endangered species of Wild Flora and Fauna. Need for Wildlife Conservation Words | 12 Pages Wildlife Conservation Efforts in India Introduction The Indian subcontinent boasts of serving as the natural habitat of a large and varied wildlife.
Importance of Wildlife Conservation in India Wildlife in India is confronting the danger of extinction because of illegal trading, excessive poaching, pollution, loss of habitat and deforestation. Moreover, the disappearing wildlife holds great economic and scientific value and disturbs the ecological balance.