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Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. To these thinkers, the existence of any evil in the world would have to be a sign that God is either not entirely good or not all-powerful, and the idea of an imperfect God is nonsensical.
These philosophers took for granted that God exists, and concluded that since God must be perfect, the world he created must be perfect also. Because Voltaire does not accept that a perfect God or any God has to exist, he can afford to mock the idea that the world must be completely good, and he heaps merciless satire on this idea throughout the novel.
The optimists, Pangloss and Candide, suffer and witness a wide variety of horrors—floggings, rapes, robberies, unjust executions, disease, an earthquake, betrayals, and crushing ennui. These horrors do not serve any apparent greater good, but point only to the cruelty and folly of humanity and the indifference of the natural world.
Pangloss struggles to find justification for the terrible things in the world, but his arguments are simply absurd, as, for example, when he claims that syphilis needed to be transmitted from the Americas to Europe so that Europeans could enjoy New World delicacies such as chocolate.
More intelligent and experienced characters, such as the old woman, Martin, and Cacambo, have all reached pessimistic conclusions about humanity and the world. In the chaotic world of the novel, philosophical speculation repeatedly proves to be useless and even destructive.
Time and time again, it prevents characters from making realistic assessments of the world around them and from taking positive action to change adverse situations.
Pangloss is the character most susceptible to this sort of folly.
With no time or leisure for idle speculation, he and the other characters find the happiness that has so long eluded them. The Hypocrisy of Religion Voltaire satirizes organized religion by means of a series of corrupt, hypocritical religious leaders who appear throughout the novel.
The reader encounters the daughter of a Pope, a man who as a Catholic priest should have been celibate; a hard-line Catholic Inquisitor who hypocritically keeps a mistress; and a Franciscan friar who operates as a jewel thief, despite the vow of poverty taken by members of the Franciscan order.
Finally, Voltaire introduces a Jesuit colonel with marked homosexual tendencies. Religious leaders in the novel also carry out inhumane campaigns of religious oppression against those who disagree with them on even the smallest of theological matters.
For example, the Inquisition persecutes Pangloss for expressing his ideas, and Candide for merely listening to them.
Though Voltaire provides these numerous examples of hypocrisy and immorality in religious leaders, he does not condemn the everyday religious believer. For example, Jacques, a member of a radical Protestant sect called the Anabaptists, is arguably the most generous and humane character in the novel.
The Corrupting Power of Money When Candide acquires a fortune in Eldorado, it looks as if the worst of his problems might be over. Arrest and bodily injury are no longer threats, since he can bribe his way out of most situations. Yet, if anything, Candide is more unhappy as a wealthy man.
The experience of watching his money trickle away into the hands of unscrupulous merchants and officials tests his optimism in a way that no amount of flogging could.Hamlet, Moral Truths, Redemption and a Just Society.
Topics: Characters in Hamlet, The Truth of Hamlet Hamlet the Prince of Denmark is a play consisting of a lot of revenge. This masterpiece of literature was created by William Shakespeare. Mar 25, · What are specific examples of a just society, Redemption, and Moral truth in Dantes Divine Comedy?Status: Resolved.
Candide, redemption and a just society. Candide, redemption and a just society. Welcome to Homework Nerds. We are the number 1 most trusted academic services website. The Search for Truth in Candide Voltaire's Candide is a novel which contains conceptual ideas and at the same time is also exaggerated.
Voltaire offers sad themes disguised by jokes and witticism, and the story itself presents a distinctive outlook on life. Hamlet, Moral Truths, Redemption and a Just Society Essay Sample Prince Hamlet, having returned home from school in Germany arrives to an upsetting scene to say the least.
His father, King Hamlet is dead and his mother Gertrude has already remarried. Candide and Redemption, Moral Truth, and a Just Society Candide and the Theme of Redemption Voltaire view of redemption is that it has to be bought.
Candide, the primary protagonist, lives with Baron before.