George Smith translated the text and released his work in in the book, The Chaldean Account of Genesis. It seems that the discovery and research of the Enuma Elish has brought about at least two major claims against the Genesis account of creation. First, because the Enuma Elish and Genesis creation account have many similarities, it is argued that Moses must have used the Enuma Elish as a source for his own creation account.
Why is the Genesis creation account so similar to Mesopotamian and Egyptian creation myths? Some argue that the Israelites were influenced by surrounding cultures and so they told similar creation stories when forming their own national and religious identity.
One can take the similarities between Israelite creation stories and those of the nations around them to argue that they were simply a product of human culture. Alternatively, one can say that the differences between the Israelite stories and those of other nations show where they drew the line in defense of revealed transcendent truths about God as sole creator and so forth.
There are a myriad of other positions in between, of course. What do you think?
To the extent that there may have been borrowing, I think this is actually another case of the phenomenon of appropriation that we find throughout the Bible. The community of faith takes objects, practices, institutions, etc. The tabernacle in Israel consisted of an outer court, main hall, and inner shrine, even though this threefold architectural division also typified Canaanite temples.
The Israelites offered some of the same kinds of sacrifices as their neighbors; they sometimes even called them by the same names. This process of appropriation is also seen in the case of literary archetypes. But it has been judiciously altered to make sure that the true God is honored as the master of such powerful natural phenomena.
Even so, the differences are significant. As you say, the Genesis version maintains crucial theological distinctives such as the unique status of Yahweh as the only true God and the position of humans as divine image-bearers and vice regents over creation—not slaves of the gods, as in the Enuma Elish.
In fact, what strikes us most about the Genesis account, when we compare it with similar ancient creation stories, is its thoroughgoing monotheism. Creation and humanity are not by-products of a battle between the gods for supremacy.
Rather, everything in Genesis proceeds with stately grandeur as a single all-ruling God speaks and is obeyed. It seems to me that all of these accounts can be understood as a response to the same observed phenomenon—the three-fold division of creation into land, sea, and sky even as we today observe matter existing in three states: This common object of observation is interpreted within the framework of an ancient world view, but in the Israelite case, the interpretation is informed by a relational understanding of the true God.
That may be all we need to say.Aug 26, · Genesis in comparison to Enuma Elish Posted on August 26, by catherineak The recounting of creation in Genesis has some definite similarities to “The Creation Epic”. Question: "What similarities are there between the Enuma Elish and the Genesis creation account?" Answer: The Enuma Elish, or the “Seven Tablets of Creation,” is a Babylonian creation myth that has a number of literary and cultural connections to the creation account in Genesis 1.
Aug 28, · The story of Enuma Elish serves as more of a mythological epic designed to exonerate the tale of the pronounced Marduk and his ancestors, while the story of Genesis fosters a different relationship between Creator and Man that goes beyond the basis of “servant succumbing to god”.
This assertion can be used to asses the similarities and differences between the creation stories in the Enuma Elish and Genesis chapters 1 and 2. Comparing the Babylonian and Hebrew creation stories one gets the impression that the portrayal of the deities influences societal expectations.
Creation Myths of the ancient Mediterranean Fromm Life-Long Learning Instructor: Dr. Douglas Kenning ENUMA ELISH AN EPIC OF CREATION Enuma Elish, "when the skies above", is one of the oldest written creation myths in existence, written principally in .
Comparison of Genesis' first Creation Story with Enuma Elish, a Babylonian creation story The Babylonian creation story is called by its first two words " Enuma Elish. " According to archaeologists, it was originally written circa BCE.